Metal Foil Resistors offer thermal EMF less than 0.1 µV/°C.

Press Release Summary:

Built on Bulk Metal® Foil technology, VSMP (0805-2512) series, VCS1625Z, and CSM2512S surface-mount resistors offer low TCR from ±0.2 ppm/°C, suited for military, avionics, and space applications. They provide load-life stability to 0.005% (50 ppm), end-of-life tolerance to less than 0.05%, PCR to ±5 ppm at rated power, tight tolerances from 0.01%, and thermal stabilization time of less than 1 sec. Available with 4 K connections, resistors feature non-inductive, non-capacitive design.

Original Press Release:

Vishay Offers Wide Variety of Bulk Metal® Foil Surface-Mount Resistors for Military, Avionics, and Space Applications

Vishay Offers Wide Variety of Bulk Metal® Foil Surface-Mount Resistors for Military, Avionics, and Space Applications With TCR From ±0.2 ppm/°C (-55 °C to +125 °C, +25 °C), Load-Life Stability to 0.005 % (50 ppm), End-of-Life Tolerance to Less Than 0.05 %, and Almost Instantaneous Thermal Stabilization Time < 1 Second

Vishay Foil Resistors are Manufactured With Any Resistance Value Within Given Resistance Range (e.g., 1 kW or 1.1234 kW) Without Influencing Cost or Lead Time

MALVERN, Pa. - Feb. 11, 2009 - Vishay Intertechnology, Inc. (NYSE: VSH) is now offering a wide variety of surface-mount resistors built on Bulk Metal® Foil technology for high reliability and high stability in demanding military, avionics, and space applications. Including the release of the newly improved VSMP (0805 to 2512) series, VCS1625Z, and CSM2512S, Vishay's offering features a wide range of ultra-high-precision specifications and configurations for optimized performance.

Several factors need to be considered when choosing a resistor for space and military applications, including TCR (ambient temperature), PCR (self heating), load-life stability, end-of-life tolerance, thermal EMF, and ESD. Some precision resistor technologies offer designers tight initial tolerances as low as 0.05 % at the expense of poor load life stability, high end-of-life tolerance, long thermal stabilization, and ESD sensitivity. Other resistor technologies provide low TCR at the expense of poor rise time and uncontrolled drifts during operational life.

Vishay's Bulk Metal Foil resistors offer designers the complete set of top performance characteristics to simplify circuitry and lower overall system costs by reducing the number of required parts, while assuring a better end product. Vishay's devices feature long-term load-life stability within a maximum of 0.05 % for 2000 hours under full rated power at + 70 °C. In addition to their low TCR, the devices offer PCR ("Delta R due to self heating") to ±5 ppm at rated power; tight tolerances from 0.01 %; and thermal EMF of < 0.1 µV/°C.

Current design practice has been to overspecify resistors to allow for expected tolerance degradation in service. Vishay offers a new approach with lower prices to bring foil resistors within the reach of designers whose end-of-life tolerance target is 0.05 % or less.

The resistors feature a non-inductive (< 0.08 µH), non-capacitive design and are available with 4-Kelvin connections for low values, wraparound terminations, and flexible terminations (SMRXD series) to ensure minimal stress transference from the PCB due to a difference in thermal coefficient of expansion (TCE).

While other resistor technologies can take several seconds or even minutes to achieve a steady state thermal stabilization, Vishay foil resistors feature an almost instantaneous thermal stabilization time, and a nearly immeasurable 1.0-ns rise time with effectively no ringing. The devices offer a variety of screening options that are suitable for military and space applications according to EEE-INST-002, DSCC, EPPL, and MIL-PRF 55342/55182/49465, and are built to handle unconventional environmental conditions with minimal drift.

Offering the utmost in ESD immunity, Bulk Metal resistors withstand electrostatic discharges to 25 kV, for increased reliability. Within a resistance range from 2 mW, Vishay foil resistors are manufactured with any resistance value (e.g., 1 kW or 1.1234 kW) at no additional cost or lead time effect. The devices are radiation tested, and include short-time overload testing as part of the standard production process.

Typical applications for the resistors include dc-to-dc converters, feedback circuits, and precision amplifiers in test and measurement instrumentation, medical systems, satellites and aerospace systems, commercial and military avionics, weapons systems, audio systems, and high-temperature systems including down-hole drilling.

Device Specification Table:

Part Number Construction Typical TCR Load-life stability (2000 h)

VSMP (0805 - 2512) Wraparound 0.2 ppm/°C 0.005 %

VSM (0805 - 2512) Wraparound 2 ppm/°C 0.005 %

SMR1DZ/3DZ Flexible 0.2 ppm/°C 0.005 %

SMR1D/3D Flexible 2 ppm/°C 0.005 %

VCS1625Z Kelvin connection 0.2 ppm/°C 0.005 %

VCS1625 Kelvin connection 2 ppm/°C 0.005 %

CSM2512/3637 (CSM2512S) Kelvin connection 15 ppm/°C max. 0.05 % (as
(10 ppm/°C is available) compared to
typical current
sensing resistors,
which offer a
load-life stability
of ≤ 0.5 %
through a 1000-hour

Samples and production quantities of Vishay's Bulk Metal resistors are available now, with lead times of 72 hours for samples, and six weeks for standard orders.

Vishay Intertechnology, Inc., a Fortune 1,000 Company listed on the NYSE (VSH), is one of the world's largest manufacturers of discrete semiconductors (diodes, rectifiers, transistors, and optoelectronics and selected ICs) and passive electronic components (resistors, capacitors, inductors, sensors, and transducers). These components are used in virtually all types of electronic devices and equipment, in the industrial, computing, automotive, consumer, telecommunications, military, aerospace, and medical markets. Its product innovations, successful acquisition strategy, and ability to provide "one-stop shop" service have made Vishay a global industry leader. Vishay can be found on the Internet at

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