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ASTM Committee approves machining brasses standard.

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October 22, 2012 - Developed by Subcommittee B05.02 on Rod, Bar, Wire, Shapes and Forgings, part of ASTM International Committee B05 on Copper and Copper Alloys, ASTM B981/B981M, Specification for Low Leaded Brass Rod, Bar and Shapes focuses on mechanical properties of machining brasses. Statistical analysis was performed on production properties for alloys C36300, C36500, C37000, C37100, and C37700 to develop minimum tensile strength, yield strength, and elongation as a function of diameter.

ASTM International Copper and Copper Alloys Committee Approves Machining Brasses Standard


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ASTM International
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Press release date: October 16, 2012

W. CONSHOHOCKEN, Pa., —A newly approved ASTM copper standard focuses on the mechanical properties of machining brasses. ASTM B981/B981M, Specification for Low Leaded Brass Rod, Bar and Shapes, was developed by Subcommittee B05.02 on Rod, Bar, Wire, Shapes and Forgings, part of ASTM International Committee B05 on Copper and Copper Alloys.

“Since 1997, there has been increasing legislation, regulation and voluntary standards requirements controlling lead content and lead leachate in potable water fittings and fixtures,” says Larry Muller, manager, metallurgy and technical services, Chase Brass and Copper Co., and a B05 member. “Companies producing these products have often seen the traditional extruded and drawn leaded machining brasses that contain greater than 2.5 percent lead disqualified either because of leachate performance or lead content.”

As a result, Muller notes, some manufacturers have changed alloys used for machined components to existing brass alloys with lower lead content. While these alloys were already in ASTM standards, the standards were for forging, not machining.

“Since mechanical properties of extruded and drawn rod change when you heat and forge, there are no properties in the existing standards for the input rod,” says Muller. “Mechanical properties such as tensile, elongation and yield strength ranges are needed for understanding the way the material will perform under machining conditions with the redesign of parts using these different lower leaded alloys.”

Muller says that statistical analysis was performed on production properties for alloys C36300, C36500, C37000, C37100 and C37700 to develop the minimum tensile strength, yield strength and elongation as a function of diameter that are included in B981/B981M.

To purchase ASTM standards, visit www.astm.org and search by the standard designation, or contact ASTM Customer Relations (phone: 877-909-ASTM; sales@astm.org). ASTM International welcomes participation in the development of its standards. For more information on becoming an ASTM member, visit www.astm.org/JOIN.

ASTM International is one of the largest international standards development and delivery systems in the world. ASTM International meets the World Trade Organization (WTO) principles for the development of international standards: coherence, consensus, development dimension, effectiveness, impartiality, openness, relevance and transparency. ASTM standards are accepted and used in research and development, product testing, quality systems and commercial transactions.

For more news in this sector, visit www.astm.org/sn-metals or follow us on Twitter @ASTMMetals.
ASTM Committee B05 Next Meeting: April 15-17, 2013, April Committee Week, Indianapolis, Ind.
Technical Contact: Larry Muller, Chase Brass and Copper Co., Montpelier, Ohio, Phone: 419-485-8932; lmuller@chasebrass.com
ASTM Staff Contact: Jennifer Rodgers, Phone: 610-832-9694; jrodgers@astm.org
ASTM PR Contact: Barbara Schindler, Phone: 610-832-9603; bschindl@astm.org
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