Physicsworld's top 10 breakthroughs of the year include first detection of large-scale motion of galaxy clusters based on kinetic Sunyaev-Zel'dovich effect. Discover magazine's 100 top stories of the year includes discovery of El Gordo, largest galaxy cluster ever found. Both discoveries were based on microwave data taken with Atacama Cosmology Telescope in Chile, which has camera made of superconducting sensors based on NIST design and superconducting amplifiers/electronics made at NIST. Read More
NIST scientists and engineers have been recognized as inventors in variety of research areas, including biosciences, building/fire research, materials science, and manufacturing. During 2012, patents were awarded for technologies such as: Harvesting of Processed Carbon Nanotubes; Fabrication Method of Topographically Modulated Microstructures Using Pattern Homogenization with UV Light; Recirculating Temperature Wave Focusing Chromatography; and Dielectric Resonator Thermometers. Read More
Available from ASTM International, Manual 65, Application of ASTM E2691, Standard Practice for Job Productivity Measurement includes individual efficiencies of labor and other resources, general contractor vs. subcontractor models, scheduling, planning, jobsite flow, on-site correction to reduce waste, and case studies. Topics cover system productivity, construction financial models, labor productivity, common cause variation, and billing based on JPM. Read More
Featuring 30 chapters, Manual 62, ASTM Handbook of Automotive Lubricants and Testing, provides overview of various lubrication aspects of typical powertrain system including engine, transmission, driveline, chassis, and other components. Topics include advanced lubrication and tribochemistry of powertrain system, specialized automotive lubricant testing development, filtration testing of automotive lubricants, lubrication of constant velocity joints, and biodegradable automotive lubricants. Read More
At January 24, 2013 workshop in Chicago, IL, NIST researchers and their industry partners will ask manufacturers to identify where, in assembly and other production-related operations, dexterous robots would provide largest boost to operational capabilities and process efficiency. NIST Workshop on Dexterous Manipulation for Manufacturing Applications, sponsored by RIA, will feature presentations on dexterous grasping, robot arm technology, and flexible manufacturing.
John J. Tracy, CTO of The Boeing Company and Senior VP of Engineering, Operations and Technology, has joined NIST's Visiting Committee on Advanced Technology. Under Secretary of Commerce for Standards and Technology and NIST Director Patrick Gallagher selected Tracy to serve 3-year term on agency's primary private-sector policy advisory group. In addition to serving on Boeing's Executive Council, Tracy oversees development and implementation of its enterprise technology investment strategy. Read More
Standards play an important role in bolstering winter camping by setting down guidelines that make those activities safe and comfortable. ISO has developed ISO 5912:2011, Camping tents, which sets down safety and performance requirements for these outdoor abodes. ASTM D4522-04(2012), Standard Performance Specification for Feather and Down Fillings for Textile Products, establishes performance specifications for natural or synthetic fillings used in sleeping bags, pillows, and winter apparel. Read More
Researchers from Belgium, France, and Canada studied internal structure of firefly lanterns and identified unexpected pattern of jagged scales that enhanced the lanterns’ glow. They applied that knowledge to LED design to create an LED overlayer that mimicked the natural structure. This overlayer, which increased LED light extraction by up to 55%, could be tailored to existing diode designs. The work is published in a pair of papers in Optical Society’s open-access journal Optics Express. Read More